Scale Tone Chords Music Theory
‘Scale Tone Chords’ are chords that are made entirely from notes of one particular scale. These chords will fits naturally together to form a chord progression that will support the melody written from that scale. To further understand this concept, let’s examine how chords are constructed.
Basic chords are constructed by combining at least three notes from a scale. The formula to create a major chord is by combining notes that are a third apart from each other. This can be considered as; I – III – V.
Here’s a C major scale:
C(I) – D(II) – E(III) – F(IV) – G(V) – A(VI) – B(VII) – C(I)
By using this formula, we can create a C major chord by combining the note C, E and G from the scale (the name of a chord is defined by the root note or the starting note). To test this theory, try forming a C chord on your guitar, and identify the notes that are available, you will always end up with just C, E and G.
The formula can be apply to every notes of the C major scale above, and by doing so will create a ‘Scale Tone Chord’.
Here’s how it works:
_C__D__E__F__G__A__B__= C MAJOR SCALE
Combining notes a third apart from the above scale resulted in:
C – E – G = C Major
E – G – B = E minor
F – A – C = F Major
G – B – D = G Major
A – C – E = A minor
B – D – F = B Diminished
As you can see, applying this formula to every note of the C major scale resulted in the creation of a set of chords that are common or most likely to be found in songs that start with C major. This formula can be applied to any key and we will always end up with the following order of chord types:
Chord types created from scale tone:
Major – Minor – Minor – Major – Major – Minor – Diminished
In a key of ‘G major’, these would be:
(G – Am – Bm – C – D – Em – F#dim)
So what is the benefit of knowing this? Well, whenever you need to figure out the chord sequence of a song, all you have to do is find out the starting chord of the song and figure out the rest of the chords by trying out the other ‘Scale tone chords’ from that key.
Figuring out the chord sequence of a song will take some time to get use to, but with this method you now have a much narrower option of chord to choose from and you’ll know exactly what you’re doing.
2 thoughts on “A Very Useful Music Theory For Guitar Player”
Hi Addee, ive been your fans since day 1 i started playing guitar, i started playing guitar because of your “suasana hari raya” fingerstyle arrangement. im just wondering can i request a song, “all i want – olivia rodrigo” fingerstyle. thats all from me
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Hi Dibo, thank you so much for visiting my blog and watching my youtube video..🙏. About your request, let me see what I can do, as I’m a bit busy at the moment..🙏..Thanks again..✌️